Art & the Interior: How Artistic Principles Influence Home Design
Without the founding principles and influence of art and design, the interior decorating world would not exist. Interior design is a liveable artform - one that can range from simple and practical to complex and extravagant, but one that is ultimately inescapable.
We’re constantly surrounded by these interior aesthetics, whether they’ve been designed with function in mind or offer a beautiful backdrop for everyday life. Borrowing all of the basic principles associated with art and design - including form, line, colour, space and texture - interior design transforms these abstract elements into something tangible.
In this sense, every room is a blank canvas, while furniture, accessories and other decor are your tools - and today, we’re giving homeowners the know-how they need to make their living space an authentic work of art.
Whether you’re talking about the foundations of art and design or the basic principles of interior design, space is key. In the world of design, space represents balance and harmony - and this is particularly true in decorating, where making the most of a room’s available space is crucial to creating a sense of harmony in the home. Limited space can be restrictive in terms of a room’s design potential - but through the art of interior design, homeowners can eliminate this obstacle and make even the smallest rooms visually balanced.
The distance between objects, as well as repetition and rhythm among a number of visual elements, contributes to the creation of a beautiful space - in precisely the same way as great paintings are put together. For maximum impact, having a focal point within the space (such as a brightly patterned chair or vibrant feature wall in the midst of a muted colour scheme) adds a dramatic touch to any room.
In design parlance, texture is defined as ‘the sensations caused by the external surface of objects, received visually or through the sense of touch’ - and this element is also particularly impactful when it comes to interior design. Layering colours, juxtaposing contrasting materials and highlighting objects are all techniques associated with the concept of texture which have directly influenced the principles of home design.
A layered use of colour in a room - which can be as simple as using different shades of red or as sophisticated as a complex colour palette - can have a powerful impact on a room’s overall aesthetic. From bookshelves to carpets, texture is the thing that builds a room - just as it adds an additional dimension within traditional artistic disciplines.
Both space and texture are built using lines - which, of course, provide the basic foundation for any drawing or, indeed, any room. Lines succeed in guiding the eye, creating unique planes and an overall sense of unity in the home - and you can use these concepts to your advantage when designing any room of the house. Horizontal lines are generally found in furniture - for example, a kitchen table, bench or book shelf - whereas vertical lines can be found in everything from windows, curtains and columns to decorative wall tiles.
Colour plays a key role in the atmosphere or emotion a piece of art evokes. Different colours boast a variety of psychological properties, and atmospheric shades can be harnessed to great effect when designing a room. Browns, for example, are ideal for creating a natural aesthetic - and combined with other earthy tones, such as deep greens and reds, you can design a room that’s rich and warm. Alternatively, a minimalist colour scheme, using white and other pale shades, is sure to create a sense of cleanliness and calm.
On top of these basic artistic principles, there are some other concepts in play when it comes to creating a beautiful room - and one of these is light. Lighting can make or break the ambience of any room and is particularly powerful when it comes to highlighting a home’s greatest visual assets. Whether you’re looking to create a bright and airy space or add some atmosphere, this powerful factor can directly influence how your room looks and what it evokes - with windows and mirrors able to maximise the impact of both natural and artificial light.
Above all else, your interior should be an extension of your identity - but it’s a welcome bonus if it looks beautiful, too. Start by seeing your home as a work of art - combining tried and tested design techniques with elements of your life, interests and unique tastes for a visually stunning result that’s all you.